Tag: florida elder law

Helping Your Aging Florida Parents Answer Key Questions Before it is Too Late

Are you the child of aging parents living in Florida? As your parents age, are you looking for ways to support them in the challenges they face, including mobility and physical challenges, changing health care or financial providers and aging in place issues, to name a few. All these circumstances your parents and you face may, at times, feel overwhelming.

As you look to the future for your aging parents, do you have questions about how best you can support them? We advise our clients that have issues like this in our practice each day and we want to share a few key questions for you to ask them right now.

1. Do your aging parents have short term goals? If they do have definite goals for what they want now, and in the immediate future, then start the conversation, but do not hesitate to include these conversation points:
• Are they approaching retirement?
• Will they be able to afford their lifestyle when they no longer have a paycheck?
• Do they need to address any advancing health care concerns now?
• Do they have long-term care insurance?
• Do they want to live in their home as long as they can or do they plan to relocate?
By starting to ask questions like this, you and your parents can begin to find answers and begin planning in order to help them reach their goals.

2. Do your parents have any long-term goals? This may be an uncomfortable conversation, but it is critical to have with your aging parents sooner rather than later. Be mindful that no one wants to consider end of life plans, or a time when only one spouse is alive, so be thoughtful. Another difficult conversation, but also very important is the conversation in regard to a potential disability or the need for skilled care.

3. Have they thought about aging in place? Aging in place is still a fairly new term across the nation. It is the idea of being able to stay in your own home longer and avoid skilled institutional care. You need to begin talking to your aging parents about this as soon as possible. Because when it comes to aging in place, proactive planning is critical and you can make a difference when you talk to your parents as soon as possible. If they like the idea, they should meet with an experienced Florida elder law attorney to address their needs.

4. Do they have an estate plan and does it reflect their current goals? Believe it or not less than half of all Americans have an estate plan. Therefore, the first step is to be sure your parents have an estate plan. If they do not, you need to explain to them that you do not want them in the vulnerable position of not being protected against probate or at risk of not having a healthcare decision maker in times of crisis. If they do have an estate plan be sure your parents are updating their estate plan on a regular basis and that it reflects their current wishes for both their legacy and their decision makers.

5. Do your parents have a Florida estate planning and elder law attorney? It is critical that your aging parents have the representation that comes from working with an experienced estate planning and elder law attorney. She can step in to ensure both their lifetime and end of life decisions can be met. To the extent you can be included as you respect the privacy of your aging parents, request to be so that you have a full understanding of your parents wishes.

We know this article may bring up more questions than it answers. Helping your aging parents address issues like this will both help you care for them and ensure everyone is working toward the same goal together.

Elder and Estate Planning Attorneys, PA, is a law office small enough to provide personal service but large enough to provide service in Jupiter, as well as Palm Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, and Indian River Counties in Florida. Our law firm will guide you through legal challenges involving elder law, estate planning, trusts, veterans benefits, real estate, and more. We encourage you to contact us and schedule a meeting with our attorneys.

Three Reasons Why Trusts Fail

Are you contemplating adding a trust to your Florida estate plan? Trusts are a useful estate planning instrument: To keep an estate out of probate. For tax planning purposes. For long-term care planning by structuring a person’s assets in a way that makes him or her eligible for Medicaid to cover the expense of a nursing home. Unfortunately, though, trusts can also fail. We would like to share with you three reasons why a trust may fail.

1. The trust was never funded. Working with your Florida estate planning attorney and creating a trust is a lot of work. Equally important is signing the trust and making it legal. However, there is one more very important step, the trust must be funded. All of the assets described in the trust must be moved into the trust in order for the trust to be funded. This means that the trust must hold title to all of your assets. This involves changing the deed on your home, the title to cars, boats, RV’s, the ownership of bank accounts and stock certificates intended to be transferred into the trust. Funding a trust can be a critical step in properly establishing a trust, but it is also one that may be overlooked. If the trust is not funded, the trust’s beneficiaries may find that they will receive nothing from the trust.

2. The beneficiaries were never updated. Once you have completed your trust, you do not just place it in a drawer or safety deposit box and forget it. A trust should be reviewed and if necessary updated whenever there is a significant life change, such as the birth or death of a loved one, a divorce or a remarriage, or even the death of your trustor. All of these life events can impact who inherits from your estate.

3. The trust was never updated to reflect current law. You need to be aware that the laws on trust and estates can change. In fact, your trust may have been drafted under one set of laws, but more importantly, there may be new or updated laws at the time of your passing, which have the potential to invalidate portions of your trust. Your best solution to this problem is to work with your Florida estate planning attorney. She can provide periodic bulletins regarding significant changes in the law, which can alert you to the need to have your trust revised. It is vital that everyone have their trust reviewed periodically by their estate planning attorney to assure that it is supported by current law.

With good planning, trusts can be one of the most useful estate planning instruments. Elder and Estate Planning Attorneys, PA, is a law office small enough to provide personal service but large enough to provide service in Jupiter, as well as Palm Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, and Indian River Counties in Florida. Our law firm will guide you through legal challenges involving elder law, estate planning, trusts, veterans benefits, real estate, and more. We encourage you to contact us and schedule a meeting with our attorneys.

The 10 Point Nursing Home Checklist You and Your Loved Ones Need

Do you have loved ones that you care for and now need skilled nursing care? Are you finding this discussion with your loved ones the most difficult thing you have ever done? We realize that the decision to move your loved ones to a nursing home is hard. How do you find the right one? Will there be challenges? How do you make sure that the needs of your loved ones, both now and in the future, will be met by the facility?

Finding the right facility for your loved ones, that can meet their health care needs, is only the starting place in your research. In addition, what other factors will you and your loved ones need to consider that you may not be aware of yet. Right now, in this blog, we would like to share our 10 Point Checklist that you and your loved ones can read and use in your research as you assess your choices.

1. Financial programs and health care services. Are programs such as Medicaid and long-term care insurance, that can help offset the high cost of care, accepted? Find out early in your evaluation process. Be aware that not all nursing homes provide the same health care services. Make a list of the health care services your loved ones need and use this list to determine if the facility is a fit for them.

2. Location may be important. If your loved ones want to stay in the community where they have always lived, then you must try to find a good nursing home in their community.

3. Change in levels of care and medication management. If the health of your loved ones declines or improves, will they be able to stay in the facility? You need to know this now, so that any moving later on can be avoided. Does the nursing home manage medications or is it considered an additional service? Most skilled nursing homes include this service, but some do not, so be sure to ask.

4. Programs, activities and ways to engage the residents. Knowing that loneliness and isolation are a leading cause of death for Older Americans, it is crucial that the facility offers opportunities for your loved ones to be active and engaged.

5. Communication plan. How does the facility communicate with the families of their residents? Does the facility report to one designated family member about the needs of the resident? Will the facility talk with multiple family members, as well as the agent(s) under the durable powers of attorney of your loved ones? Communication is vital and you need to know the facility’s plan.

6. Online connection plan. Will you be able to connect online with your loved one? Will you and your loved ones be able to use FaceTime, Skype, Messenger, or other methods of online communication? Be sure to see if the facility has a plan to ensure you can connect with your loved ones once they become residents.

7. Licensed by the state. Be sure to look into the facility’s licensing. Is it up-to-date? Have there been any problems? How were challenges addressed?

8. Disaster management and updates on Covid-19. All nursing homes you visit should have a plan for how it will manage disasters. Disasters can range from viruses to natural disasters to power outages, and in Florida, to hurricanes. You need to discuss what to expect and the facility’s plan for handling these issues before signing the contract.

9. Take a tour, read reviews and ask for opinions. Before visiting the nursing home read any reviews you can find online. Once you are onsite, if possible, ask residents their opinions. Get the opinions of family and friends about the facility. Be sure to schedule a tour, but also consider an unscheduled tour so that you can evaluate the facility without it having time to prepare for your arrival.

10. Staff, turnover, and health care provider permissions. Find out about the people working in the facility. Do they seem happy? Caring? Busy? Is there frequent staff turnover? Also, find out if your loved ones’ current health care provider will be able to enter into the facility to treat your loved ones.

These 10 points are just the beginning of the research you will want to finish before placing your loved ones in a long-term care facility. We encourage you to discuss your potential choices, as well as your goals, with your Florida elder law attorney. Your attorney can help guide you in this critical decision so your loved ones can find and access good long-term care.

Elder and Estate Planning Attorneys, PA, is a law office small enough to provide personal service but large enough to provide service in Jupiter, as well as Palm Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, and Indian River Counties in Florida. Our law firm will guide you through legal challenges involving elder law, estate planning, trusts, veterans benefits, real estate, and more. We encourage you to contact us and schedule a meeting with our attorneys.

How to Start Important Conversations About Medical Care with Aging Loved Ones

Are you the adult child of aging parents? Do you know if your loved ones have a current estate plan in place? Have you had any conversations with your aging parents about planning for their future? If you are uncertain of the plans of your aging parents it is important for you to know what they would want in the event of a sudden crisis or incapacity. We encourage you to set aside time, as soon as possible, to have conversations with your aging loved ones about their personal preferences for medical and long-term care.

Are you having a difficult time starting the conversation with your parents about their plans for their future healthcare? You could begin your conversation with these questions.

• Do you have someone you trust to make medical decisions on your behalf?
• Do you have someone you absolutely DO NOT want to make decisions for you?
• Do you want to use feeding tubes, life support, and other artificial life-saving devices?
• Is there any type of medical care you would NEVER want?
• If you were permanently disabled or incapacitated, what would help or take away from your “quality of life?”
• If you had a choice, would you prefer skilled nursing home care or in-home healthcare?
• If co-pays become excessive or insurance does not cover your treatment how would you want your family to pay for your care?

As your aging loved ones make their choices, they must be sure to document all of their decisions and choices in their estate plan.  Your parents should make an appointment to meet with an experienced and qualified Florida estate planning attorney as soon as possible. Their estate planning attorney will be able to offer advice and assistance as they choose a healthcare decision maker.

Do you have questions? Elder and Estate Planning Attorneys, PA, is a law office small enough to provide personal service but large enough to provide service in Jupiter, as well as Palm Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, and Indian River Counties in Florida. Our law firm will guide you through legal challenges involving elder law, estate planning, trusts, veterans benefits, real estate, and more. We encourage you to contact us and schedule a meeting with our attorneys.

Three Tips to Prevent Your Parents Losing a Lifetime of Savings to Long-Term Care

Have you been able to provide the necessary care on your own for your aging parents and now it is not enough anymore? Are you facing the difficult decision to place your aging parents into a nursing home? Are you concerned about the cost of nursing home care and trying to help your parents protect a lifetime of savings from being completely used up by the cost of care?

Because May is both National Elder Law Month and National Older Americans Month, this is an important time of year to ensure our aging loved ones have the support they need. Let us discuss three tips to prevent your aging parents from losing their life savings to a nursing home.

1. Early Planning. The most important thing your parents can do to preserve their life savings is to start planning for the future before those plans need to be put into effect. Meet now with a Florida qualified elder law attorney to engage in long-term care planning, this planning can be critical.

2. Know the Difference Between Medicare and Medicaid. Your parents may be hoping that Medicare will help with nursing home costs, but they probably should not. Typically Medicare only covers 100 days of nursing home care. If your parents qualify for Medicaid, then the Florida Medicaid program will take over when Medicare benefits are no longer enough. Medicaid will cover nursing home costs for qualified individuals for as long as they need it. But there is a catch! Medicaid rules require your parents to spend down most of their life savings prior to qualifying for the program. Medicaid also has a look back period of 5 years. Medicaid will see what your parents held in assets, and what their income and expenses were during this time period.

3. Stay 5 Years Ahead in Planning. By working with a Florida qualified elder law attorney, she can help your parents plan around this 5-year “lookback” rule to protect the life savings of your parents. Your attorney may advise that the best way to do this may be to ensure that the assets of your parents are transferred out of their estate prior to the 60 months before they need nursing home care. Since the need for this care may be on the horizon, it may be best to start planning early. Your attorney can work with you to figure out the best approach.

Elder and Estate Planning Attorneys, PA, is a law office small enough to provide personal service but large enough to provide service in Jupiter, as well as Palm Beach, Martin, St. Lucie, and Indian River Counties in Florida. Our law firm will guide you through legal challenges involving elder law, estate planning, trusts, veterans benefits, real estate, and more. We encourage you to contact us and schedule a meeting with our attorneys.